International Investment Agreements Navigator
Bilateral Investment Treaties
Total in force: 2365
Treaties with Investment Provisions (TIPs)
Total in force: 306
International Investment Agreements
International investment rulemaking is taking place at the bilateral, regional, interregional and multilateral levels. It requires policymakers, negotiators, civil society and other stakeholders to be well informed about foreign direct investment, international investment agreements (IIAs) and their impact on sustainable development.
UNCTAD's Work Programme on IIAs actively promotes international investment rules that effectively foster sustainable development and inclusive growth.
The main aspects of this work are:
- to monitor trends, identify key emerging issues and provide cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective;
- to deliver trainings, seminars and workshops and offer ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime; and
- to facilitate the sharing of best practices and experiences with the view to fostering global investment governance.
Modernising key provisions in IIAs
The increasing number of investor-State dispute settlement (ISDS) cases has not only heightened the profile of IIAs but also brought to light their unanticipated – and partially undesired – side effects. The arbitral interpretation process has created a new learning environment for countries. Issues of predictability, policy space ... Read more ...
Reform of the IIA regime
Today the great majority of countries are parties to one or more International Investment Agreements (IIAs). At the same time, many governments are not fully satisfied with the existing IIA regime. Concerns relate mostly to the development dimension of IIAs, the balance between the rights and obligations of investors and States, ... Read more ...
Expert Meeting on Transformation of the International Investment Agreement Regime
UNCTAD convened an Intergovernmental Expert Meeting on "The Transformation of the International Investment Agreement Regime" from 25-27 February 2015 in Geneva, Switzerland. Experts, including a wide range of stakeholders from the investment and development community, discussed today's pressing reform issues and identified concrete ... Read more ...
IIA Issues Note: Phase 2 of IIA Reform
It is time to move to phase 2 of IIA reform: modernizing the existing stock of old-generation treaties. UNCTAD sets out and discusses 10 policy options for for phase 2 of IIA reform, which countries can adapt and adopt in line with their policy priorities.Read more...
Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Review of Developments in 2016
The IIA Issues Note reviews developments in treaty-based investor-State dispute settlement (ISDS) in 2016. It contains an overview of cases initiated in the past year, overall case outcomes and an in-depth analysis of arbitral decisions.Read more...