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Search tips

“Party Input” boxes
  • To search for treaties to which two specific countries are parties, drag and drop them into Party Input boxes 1 and 2.
  • To search for treaties between countries that belong to a region, country grouping, or category, drag and drop the relevant items into Party Input boxes 1 and 2. (For example, place “Developed economies” in box 1 and “Eastern Africa” in box 2 to search for all IIAs between developed economies and countries in Eastern Africa).
  • If both boxes are left empty, a global search will be performed. Dragging “World” into Party Input 1 box will produce the same result.
  • Click on a “minus” to the right of an item to remove it from a box.
“Intra” and “Extra” functions
  • To search for treaties between countries within a region, country grouping, or category, drag and drop the relevant region, country grouping, or category into Party Input box 1 and tick “Intra”. (For example, place “Asia” in Party Input box 1 and tick “Intra” to search for all IIAs between Asian countries.)
  • To search for treaties between countries belonging to a region, country grouping, or category with the rest of the world (i.e. with countries that do not belong to the relevant region, country grouping, or category), drag and drop the relevant item into Party Input box 1 and tick “Extra”. (For example, place “Asia” in Party Input box 1 and tick “Extra” to search for all IIAs between Asian countries and countries outside Asia.)
  • When using the “Intra” or “Extra” functions, the Party Input box 2 should be left empty.
Country groupings
  • By default, a country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity. When a country grouping is selected, the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or by all of its members.
  • A country grouping can also be used to easily select a specific set of individual countries (similar to the search by region). To enable this mode, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name. Instead of the name of the country grouping, it will now list all individual members of the grouping and the search will display the treaties concluded by any of the listed countries.
Additional filters
  • Each filter below the Party Input boxes has a default setting. Modify the default settings to establish search parameters tailored to your needs.
Text search
  • Text searches apply to the subset of the database, identified by using the Party Input boxes and/or additional filters. If the Party Input boxes are left empty, a global search will be performed.
  • Tips for using multiple words in text searches:
    • ALL OF THESE WORDS: investment trade
      The system will search for all treaties where all of these words are present (in this case, both “investment” and “trade”).
    • THIS EXACT PHRASE - use quotation marks: "investment trade"
      The system will search for all treaties where this exact sequence of words is present (in this case, the phrase “investment trade”).
    • ANY OF THESE WORDS - use “or”: investment or trade
      The system will search for all treaties where any of the words is present (in this case, either “investment” or “trade”).
    • EXCLUDE WORDS - use the minus (-) and quotation marks: investment -"trade"
      The system will search for all treaties where the term excluded is not present (in this case, “investment” is present but the word “trade” is not present).