Warning! Javascript is disabled. Please enable javascript for a completly functioning application.

International Investment Agreements Navigator

about
terminology

About

UNCTAD's Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IIAs) actively assists policymakers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders to reform IIAs with a view to making them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth.

Main goals:

  • Reform the international investment agreements (IIAs) regime to enhance its sustainable development dimension,
  • Provide comprehensive analysis on key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime,
  • Develop a wide range of tools to support the formulation of more balanced international investment policies.

The three pillars of activities:

  1. Research and policy analysis - monitoring trends, identifying key emerging issues and providing cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective,
  2. Technical assistance - delivering trainings, seminars and workshops; conducting IIA and model BIT reviews; offering ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime,
  3. Intergovernmental consensus-building - exchanging and sharing best practices and experience with the view to fostering global investment governance.

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.

For further information, please contact us.


Disclaimer:

1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Terminology

International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.


In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.


Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 200

Jordan

Export
No. Partners Status Date of
signature
Date of
entry into force
Text
1 Algeria In force 01/08/1996 05/06/1997 Full text: en | ar
2 Armenia Signed (not in force) 29/10/2014 Full text: ar
3 Austria In force 23/01/2001 25/11/2001 Full text: en
4 Azerbaijan In force 05/05/2008 25/12/2008 Full text: ar
5 Bahrain In force 08/02/2000 05/06/2000 Full text: en | ar
6 Belarus In force 20/12/2002 22/12/2005 Full text: ar | en | ru
7 Bosnia and Herzegovina In force 02/07/2006 25/11/2011 Full text: ar
8 Bulgaria In force 07/08/2002 19/04/2003
9 Canada In force 28/06/2009 14/12/2009 Full text: en
10 China Signed (not in force) 15/11/2001 Full text: en | ar
11 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Signed (not in force) 23/06/2004 Full text: ar
12 Croatia In force 10/10/1999 27/04/2000 Full text: en | ar
13 Cyprus In force 20/12/2009 19/07/2010 Full text: ar
14 Czech Republic In force 20/09/1997 25/04/2001 Full text: en | ar
15 Egypt In force 08/05/1996 11/04/1998 Full text: en | ar
16 Estonia Signed (not in force) 10/05/2010 Full text: ar
17 Finland In force 01/11/2006 18/12/2007 Full text: en
18 France In force 23/02/1978 18/10/1979 Full text: fr | it
19 Germany In force 13/11/2007 28/08/2010 Full text: en | ar
20 Germany Terminated 15/07/1974 10/10/1977 Full text: en | fr | de
21 Greece In force 21/02/2005 08/02/2007 Full text: en
22 Hungary In force 14/06/2007 09/03/2008 Full text: en
23 India In force 30/11/2006 22/01/2009 Full text: en
24 Indonesia In force 12/11/1996 09/02/1999 Full text: en | ar
25 Iraq Signed (not in force) 25/12/2013 Full text: ar
26 Italy In force 21/07/1996 17/01/2000 Full text: ar | en | it
27 Kazakhstan In force 29/11/2006 01/07/2008 Full text: ru
28 Korea, Republic of In force 24/07/2004 25/12/2004 Full text: en
29 Kuwait In force 21/05/2001 19/03/2004 Full text: en | ar
30 Lebanon In force 31/10/2002 30/08/2003 Full text: en | ar
31 Lithuania In force 13/10/2002 05/05/2003 Full text: en
32 Malaysia In force 02/10/1994 03/03/1995 Full text: en | ar
33 Morocco In force 16/06/1998 07/02/2000 Full text: en | ar
34 Netherlands In force 17/11/1997 01/08/1998 Full text: en | ar
35 Occupied Palestinian territory Signed (not in force) 04/10/2012 Full text: ar
36 Oman In force 09/04/2007 05/09/2008 Full text: ar
37 Poland In force 04/10/1997 14/08/1999 Full text: en | ar
38 Portugal In force 17/03/2009 06/01/2015 Full text: pt | en
39 Qatar In force 28/01/2009 28/05/2009 Full text: ar
40 Romania In force 02/07/1992 16/03/1999 Full text: en | ar
41 Russian Federation In force 13/02/2007 17/06/2009 Full text: ru
42 Saudi Arabia Signed (not in force) 27/03/2017 Full text: ar
43 Singapore In force 16/05/2004 22/08/2005 Full text: en
44 Slovakia In force 21/02/2008 09/06/2010 Full text: en
45 Spain In force 20/10/1999 13/12/2000 Full text: es | ar
46 Sudan In force 30/03/2000 03/02/2001 Full text: en | ar
47 Switzerland Terminated 11/11/1976 02/03/1977 Full text: fr
48 Switzerland In force 25/02/2001 11/12/2001 Full text: ar | en
49 Syrian Arab Republic In force 08/10/2001 11/05/2002 Full text: en | ar
50 Tanzania, United Republic of Signed (not in force) 08/10/2009 Full text: ar
51 Thailand In force 15/12/2005 08/06/2012 Full text: en
52 Tunisia In force 27/04/1995 23/11/1995 Full text: en | ar
53 Turkey In force 02/08/1993 23/01/2006 Full text: en | ar | tr
54 Turkey Signed (not in force) 27/03/2016 Full text: ar
55 Ukraine In force 30/11/2005 17/04/2007 Full text: ar
56 United Arab Emirates In force 15/04/2009 12/02/2010 Full text: ar
57 United Kingdom In force 10/10/1979 24/04/1980 Full text: en | ar
58 United States of America In force 02/07/1997 12/06/2003 Full text: en | ar
59 Yemen In force 08/05/1996 28/01/1998 Full text: en | ar