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International Investment Agreements Navigator

about
terminology

About

UNCTAD's Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IIAs) actively assists policymakers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders to reform IIAs with a view to making them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth.

Main goals:

  • Reform the international investment agreements (IIAs) regime to enhance its sustainable development dimension,
  • Provide comprehensive analysis on key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime,
  • Develop a wide range of tools to support the formulation of more balanced international investment policies.

The three pillars of activities:

  1. Research and policy analysis - monitoring trends, identifying key emerging issues and providing cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective,
  2. Technical assistance - delivering trainings, seminars and workshops; conducting IIA and model BIT reviews; offering ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime,
  3. Intergovernmental consensus-building - exchanging and sharing best practices and experience with the view to fostering global investment governance.

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.

For further information, please contact us.


Disclaimer:

1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Terminology

International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.


In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.


Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 201

Korea, Republic of

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No. Partners Status Date of
signature
Date of
entry into force
Text
1 Albania In force 15/12/2003 18/05/2006 Full text: en
2 Algeria In force 12/10/1999 30/09/2001 Full text: en
3 Argentina In force 17/05/1994 24/09/1996 Full text: en
4 Austria In force 14/03/1991 01/11/1991 Full text: en
5 Azerbaijan In force 23/04/2007 25/01/2008 Full text: en
6 Bangladesh In force 18/06/1986 06/10/1988 Full text: en
7 Belarus In force 22/04/1997 09/08/1997 Full text: en
8 BLEU (Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union) Terminated 20/12/1974 03/09/1976 Full text: en
9 BLEU (Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union) In force 12/12/2006 27/03/2011 Full text: fr | nl
10 Bolivia, Plurinational State of In force 01/04/1996 04/06/1997 Full text: en
11 Brazil Signed (not in force) 01/09/1995 Full text: pt
12 Brunei Darussalam In force 14/11/2000 30/10/2003 Full text: en
13 Bulgaria In force 12/06/2006 16/11/2006 Full text: en
14 Burkina Faso In force 26/10/2004 14/04/2010 Full text: en
15 Cambodia In force 10/02/1997 12/03/1997 Full text: en
16 Cameroon Signed (not in force) 24/12/2013 Full text: en | ko
17 Chile Terminated 06/09/1996 16/09/1999 Full text: en
18 China Terminated 30/09/1992 04/12/1992 Full text: en
19 China In force 07/09/2007 01/12/2007 Full text: en
20 Colombia Signed (not in force) 06/07/2010 Full text: en
21 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Signed (not in force) 19/07/1990
22 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Signed (not in force) 17/03/2005 Full text: en | fr
23 Congo In force 08/11/2006 13/08/2011 Full text: fr
24 Costa Rica In force 11/08/2000 25/08/2002 Full text: en | es
25 Croatia In force 19/07/2005 31/05/2006 Full text: en
26 Czech Republic In force 27/04/1992 16/03/1995 Full text: en
27 Denmark In force 02/06/1988 02/06/1988 Full text: en
28 Dominican Republic In force 30/06/2006 10/06/2008 Full text: en
29 Egypt In force 18/03/1996 25/05/1997 Full text: en
30 El Salvador In force 06/07/1998 25/05/2002 Full text: en
31 Finland In force 21/10/1993 11/05/1996 Full text: en
32 France In force 28/12/1977 01/02/1979 Full text: fr
33 Gabon In force 10/08/2007 09/08/2009 Full text: en | fr | ko
34 Germany In force 04/02/1964 15/01/1967 Full text: en
35 Greece In force 25/01/1995 04/11/1995 Full text: en
36 Guatemala In force 01/08/2000 17/08/2002 Full text: en
37 Guyana In force 31/07/2006 20/08/2006 Full text: en
38 Honduras In force 24/10/2000 19/07/2001 Full text: en
39 Hong Kong, China SAR In force 30/06/1997 30/07/1997 Full text: en
40 Hungary In force 28/12/1988 01/01/1989 Full text: en
41 India In force 26/02/1996 07/05/1996 Full text: en
42 Indonesia In force 16/02/1991 10/03/1994 Full text: en
43 Iran, Islamic Republic of In force 31/10/1998 31/03/2006 Full text: en
44 Israel In force 07/02/1999 19/06/2003 Full text: en
45 Italy In force 10/01/1989 26/06/1992 Full text: en | it
46 Jamaica In force 10/06/2003 05/11/2007 Full text: en
47 Japan In force 22/03/2002 01/01/2003 Full text: en
48 Jordan In force 24/07/2004 25/12/2004 Full text: en
49 Kazakhstan In force 20/03/1996 26/12/1996 Full text: en
50 Kenya Signed (not in force) 08/07/2014 Full text: en | ko
51 Kuwait In force 15/07/2004 31/08/2007 Full text: en
52 Kyrgyzstan Terminated 20/03/1996 26/12/1996 Full text: ru
53 Kyrgyzstan In force 19/11/2007 08/07/2008 Full text: en
54 Lao People's Democratic Republic In force 15/05/1996 14/06/1996 Full text: en
55 Latvia In force 23/10/1996 26/01/1997 Full text: en
56 Lebanon In force 05/05/2006 21/12/2006 Full text: en
57 Libya In force 21/09/2006 28/03/2007 Full text: en
58 Lithuania In force 24/09/1993 09/11/1993 Full text: en
59 Malaysia In force 11/04/1988 31/03/1989 Full text: en
60 Mauritania In force 15/12/2004 21/07/2006 Full text: en
61 Mauritius In force 18/06/2007 07/03/2008 Full text: en
62 Mexico In force 14/11/2000 27/06/2002 Full text: en
63 Mongolia In force 28/03/1991 30/04/1991 Full text: en | ko | mn
64 Morocco In force 27/01/1999 08/05/2001 Full text: en
65 Myanmar Signed (not in force) 05/06/2014 Full text: en
66 Netherlands Terminated 16/10/1974 01/06/1975 Full text: en
67 Netherlands In force 12/07/2003 01/03/2005 Full text: en
68 Nicaragua In force 15/05/2000 22/06/2001 Full text: en
69 Nigeria In force 27/03/1998 01/02/1999 Full text: en
70 Oman In force 08/10/2003 10/02/2004 Full text: en
71 Pakistan In force 25/05/1988 15/04/1990 Full text: en
72 Panama In force 10/07/2001 08/02/2002 Full text: en
73 Paraguay In force 22/12/1992 06/08/1993 Full text: en
74 Peru Terminated 03/06/1993 20/04/1994 Full text: en | es
75 Philippines In force 07/04/1994 25/09/1996 Full text: en
76 Poland In force 01/11/1989 02/02/1990 Full text: en
77 Portugal In force 03/05/1995 11/08/1996 Full text: en
78 Qatar In force 16/04/1999 16/05/1999 Full text: en
79 Romania Terminated 07/08/1990 30/12/1994 Full text: en | ko
80 Romania In force 06/09/2006 11/01/2008
81 Russian Federation In force 14/12/1990 10/07/1991 Full text: en | ru
82 Rwanda In force 29/05/2009 16/02/2013 Full text: en
83 Saudi Arabia In force 04/04/2002 19/02/2003 Full text: en
84 Senegal In force 12/07/1984 02/09/1985 Full text: fr
85 Slovakia In force 27/05/2005 07/02/2006 Full text: en
86 South Africa In force 07/07/1995 28/06/1997 Full text: en
87 Spain In force 17/01/1994 19/07/1994 Full text: en
88 Sri Lanka In force 28/03/1980 15/07/1980 Full text: en
89 Sweden In force 30/08/1995 18/06/1997 Full text: en
90 Switzerland In force 07/04/1971 07/04/1971 Full text: en | fr
91 Tajikistan In force 14/07/1995 13/08/1995 Full text: en
92 Tanzania, United Republic of Signed (not in force) 18/12/1998 Full text: en
93 Thailand In force 24/03/1989 30/09/1989 Full text: en
94 Trinidad and Tobago In force 05/11/2002 27/11/2003 Full text: en
95 Tunisia In force 23/05/1975 28/11/1975 Full text: fr
96 Turkey In force 14/05/1991 04/06/1994 Full text: en
97 Ukraine In force 16/12/1996 03/11/1997 Full text: en
98 United Arab Emirates In force 09/06/2002 15/06/2004 Full text: en
99 United Kingdom In force 04/03/1976 04/03/1976 Full text: en
100 Uruguay In force 01/10/2009 08/12/2011 Full text: es
101 Uzbekistan In force 17/06/1992 20/11/1992 Full text: en
102 Viet Nam Terminated 13/05/1993 04/09/1993 Full text: en
103 Viet Nam In force 15/09/2003 05/06/2004 Full text: en
104 Zimbabwe Signed (not in force) 24/05/2010