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International Investment Agreements Navigator

about
terminology

About

UNCTAD's Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IIAs) actively assists policymakers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders to reform IIAs with a view to making them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth.

Main goals:

  • Reform the international investment agreements (IIAs) regime to enhance its sustainable development dimension,
  • Provide comprehensive analysis on key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime,
  • Develop a wide range of tools to support the formulation of more balanced international investment policies.

The three pillars of activities:

  1. Research and policy analysis - monitoring trends, identifying key emerging issues and providing cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective,
  2. Technical assistance - delivering trainings, seminars and workshops; conducting IIA and model BIT reviews; offering ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime,
  3. Intergovernmental consensus-building - exchanging and sharing best practices and experience with the view to fostering global investment governance.

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.

For further information, please contact us.


Disclaimer:

1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Terminology

International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.


In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.


Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 200

Russian Federation

Export
No. Partners Status Date of
signature
Date of
entry into force
Text
1 Albania In force 11/04/1995 29/05/1996 Full text: al | ru
2 Algeria Signed (not in force) 10/03/2006 Full text: ru
3 Angola In force 26/06/2009 12/01/2011 Full text: ru
4 Argentina In force 25/06/1998 20/11/2000 Full text: es | ru
5 Armenia In force 15/09/2001 08/02/2006 Full text: ru
6 Austria In force 08/02/1990 01/09/1991 Full text: de | ru
7 Azerbaijan In force 29/09/2014 16/11/2015 Full text: ru
8 Bahrain In force 29/04/2014 25/12/2015 Full text: ru
9 Belgium In force 09/02/1989 18/08/1991
10 Bulgaria In force 08/06/1993 18/12/2005 Full text: ru
11 Cambodia In force 03/03/2015 07/03/2016 Full text: ru
12 Canada In force 20/11/1989 27/06/1991 Full text: en | fr | ru
13 China Terminated 21/07/1990 26/07/1991
14 China In force 09/11/2006 01/05/2009 Full text: en | ru
15 Croatia Signed (not in force) 20/05/1996 Full text: ru
16 Cuba In force 07/07/1993 08/07/1996 Full text: ru
17 Cyprus Signed (not in force) 11/04/2007 Full text: ru
18 Czech Republic In force 05/04/1994 06/06/1996 Full text: ru
19 Denmark Terminated 01/05/1990
20 Denmark In force 04/11/1993 26/08/1996 Full text: en | ru
21 Ecuador Signed (not in force) 25/04/1996 Full text: ru
22 Egypt In force 23/09/1997 12/06/2000 Full text: en | ru
23 Equatorial Guinea In force 06/06/2011 03/03/2016 Full text: ru
24 Ethiopia Signed (not in force) 10/02/2000 Full text: en | ru
25 Finland In force 08/02/1989 15/08/1991 Full text: ru | en | fi | fr
26 France In force 04/07/1989 18/07/1991 Full text: fr | ru
27 Germany In force 13/06/1989 05/08/1991 Full text: en | de | ru
28 Greece In force 30/06/1993 23/02/1997 Full text: en | ru
29 Guatemala Signed (not in force) 27/11/2013 Full text: es | en | ru
30 Hungary In force 06/03/1995 29/05/1996 Full text: en | ru
31 India Terminated 23/12/1994 05/08/1996 Full text: en | ru
32 Indonesia In force 06/09/2007 15/10/2009 Full text: ru
33 Iran, Islamic Republic of In force 23/12/2015 06/04/2017 Full text: ru
34 Italy In force 09/04/1996 07/07/1997 Full text: it | ru
35 Japan In force 13/11/1998 27/05/2000 Full text: en | ru
36 Jordan In force 13/02/2007 17/06/2009 Full text: ru
37 Kazakhstan In force 06/07/1998 11/02/2000 Full text: ru
38 Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of In force 28/11/1996 09/01/2006 Full text: ru
39 Korea, Republic of In force 14/12/1990 10/07/1991 Full text: en | ru
40 Kuwait In force 21/11/1994 30/05/1996
41 Lao People's Democratic Republic In force 06/12/1996 22/03/2006 Full text: ru
42 Lebanon In force 08/04/1997 11/03/2003 Full text: en | ru
43 Libya In force 17/04/2008 15/10/2010 Full text: ru
44 Lithuania In force 29/06/1999 24/05/2004 Full text: en | ru
45 Luxembourg In force 09/02/1989 18/08/1991 Full text: fr | ru
46 Macedonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of In force 21/10/1997 09/07/1998 Full text: ru
47 Moldova, Republic of In force 17/03/1998 18/07/2001 Full text: ru
48 Mongolia In force 29/11/1995 26/02/2006 Full text: ru | mn
49 Morocco Signed (not in force) 15/03/2016 Full text: ru
50 Namibia Signed (not in force) 25/06/2009 Full text: ru
51 Netherlands In force 05/10/1989 20/07/1991 Full text: en | ru
52 Nicaragua In force 26/01/2012 03/09/2013 Full text: es | ru
53 Nigeria Signed (not in force) 24/06/2009 Full text: ru
54 Norway In force 04/10/1995 21/05/1998 Full text: en | ru
55 Occupied Palestinian territory Signed (not in force) 11/11/2016 Full text: ru
56 Philippines In force 12/09/1997 29/11/1998 Full text: ru
57 Poland Signed (not in force) 02/10/1992 Full text: ru
58 Portugal Signed (not in force) 21/07/1994 Full text: pt | ru
59 Qatar In force 12/02/2007 04/06/2009 Full text: ru
60 Romania In force 29/09/1993 20/07/1996 Full text: ru
61 Singapore In force 27/09/2010 16/06/2012 Full text: ru | en
62 Slovakia In force 30/11/1993 02/08/1996 Full text: sk | ru
63 Slovenia Signed (not in force) 08/04/2000 Full text: ru
64 South Africa In force 23/11/1998 12/04/2000 Full text: ru
65 Spain In force 26/10/1990 28/11/1991 Full text: es | ru
66 Sweden In force 19/04/1995 07/07/1996 Full text: en | ru
67 Switzerland In force 01/12/1990 26/08/1991 Full text: fr | ru
68 Syrian Arab Republic In force 26/01/2005 13/07/2007 Full text: ru
69 Tajikistan Signed (not in force) 16/04/1999 Full text: ru
70 Thailand Signed (not in force) 17/10/2002 Full text: en | ru
71 Turkey In force 15/12/1997 17/05/2000 Full text: en | ru | tr
72 Turkey Terminated 14/12/1990 Full text: ru
73 Turkmenistan In force 25/03/2009 23/08/2010 Full text: ru
74 Ukraine In force 27/11/1998 27/01/2000 Full text: en | ru
75 United Arab Emirates In force 28/06/2010 19/08/2013 Full text: en | ru
76 United Kingdom In force 06/04/1989 03/07/1991 Full text: en | ru
77 United States of America Signed (not in force) 17/06/1992 Full text: en | ru
78 Uzbekistan Terminated 22/12/1997
79 Uzbekistan In force 15/04/2013 14/01/2014 Full text: ru
80 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of In force 07/11/2008 26/10/2009 Full text: es | ru
81 Viet Nam In force 16/06/1994 03/07/1996 Full text: ru
82 Yemen In force 17/12/2002 21/07/2005 Full text: ru
83 Yugoslavia (former) In force 11/10/1995 19/07/1996 Full text: ru
84 Zimbabwe In force 07/10/2012 10/09/2014 Full text: ru