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International Investment Agreements Navigator

about
terminology

About

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.


Disclaimer:

1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Terminology

International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.


In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.


Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 202

Canada

Export
No. Partners Status Date of
signature
Date of
entry into force
Text
1 Argentina In force 05/11/1991 29/04/1993 Full text: en
2 Armenia In force 08/05/1997 29/03/1999 Full text: en
3 Barbados In force 29/05/1996 17/01/1997 Full text: en | fr
4 Benin In force 09/01/2013 12/05/2014 Full text: en
5 Burkina Faso Signed (not in force) 20/04/2015 Full text: en
6 Cameroon Signed (not in force) 03/03/2014 Full text: en | fr
7 China In force 09/09/2012 01/10/2014 Full text: en
8 Costa Rica In force 18/03/1998 29/09/1999 Full text: en | fr | es
9 Côte d'Ivoire In force 30/11/2014 14/12/2015 Full text: en | fr
10 Croatia In force 03/02/1997 30/01/2001 Full text: en | fr
11 Czech Republic Terminated 15/11/1990 09/03/1992 Full text: en | fr
12 Czech Republic In force 06/05/2009 22/01/2012 Full text: en
13 Ecuador In force 29/04/1996 06/06/1997 Full text: en | fr
14 Egypt In force 13/11/1996 03/11/1997 Full text: en | fr
15 Guinea Signed (not in force) 27/05/2015 Full text: en
16 Hong Kong, China SAR In force 10/02/2016 06/09/2016 Full text: en
17 Hungary In force 03/10/1991 21/11/1993 Full text: en | fr
18 Jordan In force 28/06/2009 14/12/2009 Full text: en
19 Kuwait In force 26/09/2011 19/02/2014 Full text: fr | en
20 Latvia In force 05/05/2009 24/11/2011 Full text: en | fr
21 Latvia Terminated 26/04/1995 27/07/1995 Full text: en | fr
22 Lebanon In force 11/04/1997 19/06/1999 Full text: en | fr | ar
23 Mali In force 28/11/2014 08/06/2016 Full text: en
24 Mongolia Signed (not in force) 08/09/2016 Full text: en | fr
25 Nigeria Signed (not in force) 06/05/2014 Full text: en
26 Panama In force 12/09/1996 13/02/1998 Full text: en | fr | es
27 Peru In force 14/11/2006 20/06/2007 Full text: en
28 Philippines In force 10/11/1995 01/11/1996 Full text: en | fr
29 Poland In force 06/04/1990 22/11/1990 Full text: en | fr
30 Romania Terminated 17/04/1996 11/02/1997 Full text: en | fr | ro
31 Romania In force 08/05/2009 23/11/2011 Full text: en
32 Russian Federation In force 20/11/1989 27/06/1991 Full text: en | fr | ru
33 Senegal In force 27/11/2014 05/08/2016 Full text: en
34 Serbia In force 01/09/2014 27/04/2015 Full text: en | fr | sr
35 Slovakia In force 20/07/2010 14/03/2012 Full text: en
36 Slovakia Terminated 15/11/1990 09/03/1992 Full text: en | fr
37 South Africa Signed (not in force) 27/11/1995 Full text: en
38 Tanzania, United Republic of In force 17/05/2013 09/12/2013 Full text: en
39 Thailand In force 17/01/1997 24/09/1998 Full text: en | fr
40 Trinidad and Tobago In force 11/09/1995 08/07/1996 Full text: en
41 Ukraine In force 24/10/1994 24/06/1995 Full text: en | fr
42 Uruguay Terminated 16/05/1991
43 Uruguay In force 29/10/1997 02/06/1999 Full text: en | es
44 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of In force 01/07/1996 28/01/1998 Full text: en | fr