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International Investment Agreements Navigator

about
terminology

About

UNCTAD's Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IIAs) actively assists policymakers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders to reform IIAs with a view to making them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth.

Main goals:

  • Reform the international investment agreements (IIAs) regime to enhance its sustainable development dimension,
  • Provide comprehensive analysis on key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime,
  • Develop a wide range of tools to support the formulation of more balanced international investment policies.

The three pillars of activities:

  1. Research and policy analysis - monitoring trends, identifying key emerging issues and providing cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective,
  2. Technical assistance - delivering trainings, seminars and workshops; conducting IIA and model BIT reviews; offering ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime,
  3. Intergovernmental consensus-building - exchanging and sharing best practices and experience with the view to fostering global investment governance.

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.

For further information, please contact us.


Disclaimer:

1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Terminology

International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.


In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.


Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 200

Czech Republic

Export
No. Partners Status Date of
signature
Date of
entry into force
Text
1 Albania In force 27/06/1994 07/07/1995 Full text: en
2 Algeria Signed (not in force) 22/09/2000 Full text: fr
3 Argentina In force 27/09/1996 23/07/1998 Full text: es
4 Australia Terminated 29/07/1991 Full text: en
5 Australia In force 30/09/1993 29/06/1994 Full text: en
6 Austria In force 15/10/1990 01/10/1991 Full text: de
7 Azerbaijan In force 17/05/2011 09/02/2012 Full text: en
8 Bahrain In force 15/10/2007 11/12/2009 Full text: en
9 Belarus In force 14/10/1996 09/04/1998 Full text: en
10 BLEU (Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union) In force 24/04/1989 13/02/1992 Full text: fr | cs
11 Bosnia and Herzegovina In force 17/04/2002 30/05/2004 Full text: en
12 Bulgaria In force 17/03/1999 30/09/2000 Full text: en
13 Cambodia In force 12/05/2008 23/10/2009 Full text: en
14 Canada Terminated 15/11/1990 09/03/1992 Full text: en | fr
15 Canada In force 06/05/2009 22/01/2012 Full text: en
16 Chile In force 24/04/1995 05/10/1996 Full text: en | es
17 China Terminated 04/12/1991 01/12/1992 Full text: en
18 China In force 08/12/2005 01/09/2006 Full text: en
19 Costa Rica In force 21/10/1998 05/03/2001 Full text: en
20 Croatia In force 05/03/1996 02/1997 Full text: en
21 Cyprus In force 15/06/2001 25/09/2002 Full text: en
22 Denmark Terminated 06/03/1991 19/09/1992 Full text: en | cs
23 Egypt In force 29/05/1993 04/06/1994 Full text: en
24 El Salvador In force 29/11/1999 28/03/2001 Full text: en
25 Estonia Terminated 24/10/1994 18/07/1995 Full text: en
26 Finland In force 06/11/1990 23/10/1991 Full text: en
27 France In force 13/09/1990 27/09/1991 Full text: fr
28 Georgia In force 29/08/2009 13/03/2011 Full text: en
29 Germany In force 02/10/1990 02/08/1992 Full text: cs
30 Greece In force 03/06/1991 30/12/1992 Full text: en
31 Guatemala In force 08/07/2003 29/04/2005 Full text: en
32 Hungary In force 14/01/1993 25/05/1995 Full text: en
33 India Terminated 11/10/1996 06/02/1998 Full text: en
34 Indonesia In force 17/09/1998 21/06/1999 Full text: en
35 Ireland Terminated 28/06/1996 01/08/1997 Full text: en
36 Israel In force 23/09/1997 16/03/1999 Full text: en
37 Italy Terminated 22/01/1996 01/11/1997 Full text: en | it
38 Jordan In force 20/09/1997 25/04/2001 Full text: en | ar
39 Kazakhstan In force 08/10/1996 02/04/1998 Full text: cs | ru
40 Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of In force 27/02/1998 10/10/1999 Full text: en
41 Korea, Republic of In force 27/04/1992 16/03/1995 Full text: en
42 Kuwait In force 08/01/1996 21/01/1997 Full text: en
43 Latvia In force 25/10/1994 01/08/1995 Full text: en
44 Lebanon In force 19/09/1997 24/01/2000 Full text: en
45 Lithuania In force 27/10/1994 12/07/1995 Full text: en
46 Macedonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of In force 21/06/2001 20/09/2002 Full text: en
47 Malaysia In force 09/09/1996 03/12/1998 Full text: en
48 Malta Terminated 09/04/2002 09/07/2003 Full text: en
49 Mauritius In force 05/04/1999 06/05/2000 Full text: en
50 Mexico In force 04/04/2002 13/03/2004 Full text: en
51 Moldova, Republic of In force 12/05/1999 21/06/2000 Full text: en
52 Mongolia In force 13/02/1998 07/05/1999 Full text: en | cs | mn
53 Montenegro In force 13/10/1997 29/01/2001 Full text: en
54 Morocco In force 11/06/2001 30/01/2003 Full text: fr
55 Netherlands In force 29/04/1991 01/10/1992 Full text: en
56 Nicaragua In force 02/04/2002 24/02/2004 Full text: es
57 Norway In force 21/05/1991 06/08/1992 Full text: en
58 Pakistan Signed (not in force) 07/05/1999 Full text: en
59 Panama In force 27/08/1999 20/10/2000 Full text: en | es
60 Paraguay In force 21/10/1998 24/03/2000 Full text: en
61 Peru In force 16/03/1994 06/03/1995 Full text: en
62 Philippines In force 05/04/1995 04/04/1996 Full text: en
63 Poland In force 16/07/1993 29/06/1994 Full text: cs | pl
64 Portugal In force 12/11/1993 03/08/1994 Full text: en
65 Romania In force 08/11/1993 28/07/1994 Full text: en
66 Russian Federation In force 05/04/1994 06/06/1996 Full text: ru
67 Saudi Arabia In force 18/11/2009 13/03/2011 Full text: en
68 Serbia In force 13/10/1997 29/01/2001 Full text: en
69 Singapore In force 08/04/1995 07/10/1995 Full text: en
70 Slovakia Terminated 26/03/2002 14/07/2003
71 Slovakia Terminated 23/11/1992
72 Slovenia Terminated 04/05/1993 21/05/1994
73 South Africa Signed (not in force) 14/12/1998 Full text: en
74 Spain In force 12/12/1990 28/11/1991 Full text: en | cs
75 Sri Lanka In force 28/03/2011 15/06/2016 Full text: en
76 Sweden In force 13/11/1990 23/09/1991 Full text: en | cs
77 Switzerland In force 05/10/1990 07/08/1991 Full text: en | fr
78 Syrian Arab Republic In force 21/11/2008 14/07/2009 Full text: en
79 Tajikistan In force 11/02/1994 06/12/1995 Full text: cs | ru
80 Thailand In force 12/02/1994 04/05/1995 Full text: en
81 Tunisia In force 06/01/1997 08/07/1998 Full text: en
82 Turkey Terminated 30/04/1992 01/08/1997 Full text: en
83 Turkey In force 29/04/2009 18/03/2012 Full text: en | fr | cs | tr
84 Ukraine In force 17/03/1994 02/11/1995 Full text: en
85 United Arab Emirates In force 23/11/1994 25/12/1995 Full text: en
86 United Kingdom In force 10/07/1990 26/10/1992 Full text: en | cs
87 United States of America In force 22/10/1991 19/12/1992 Full text: en
88 Uruguay In force 26/09/1996 29/12/2000 Full text: en | es
89 Uzbekistan In force 15/01/1997 06/04/1998 Full text: cs | ru
90 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of In force 27/04/1995 23/07/1996 Full text: en
91 Viet Nam In force 25/11/1997 09/07/1998 Full text: en
92 Yemen In force 20/05/2008 04/09/2009 Full text: en
93 Zimbabwe Signed (not in force) 13/09/1999 Full text: en