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International Investment Agreements Navigator

about
terminology

About

UNCTAD's Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IIAs) actively assists policymakers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders to reform IIAs with a view to making them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth.

Main goals:

  • Reform the international investment agreements (IIAs) regime to enhance its sustainable development dimension,
  • Provide comprehensive analysis on key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime,
  • Develop a wide range of tools to support the formulation of more balanced international investment policies.

The three pillars of activities:

  1. Research and policy analysis - monitoring trends, identifying key emerging issues and providing cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective,
  2. Technical assistance - delivering trainings, seminars and workshops; conducting IIA and model BIT reviews; offering ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime,
  3. Intergovernmental consensus-building - exchanging and sharing best practices and experience with the view to fostering global investment governance.

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.

For further information, please contact us.


Disclaimer:

1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Terminology

International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.


In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.


Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 200

France

Export
No. Partners Status Date of
signature
Date of
entry into force
Text
1 Albania In force 13/06/1995 14/06/1996 Full text: fr
2 Algeria In force 13/02/1993 27/06/2000 Full text: fr
3 Angola Signed (not in force) 24/06/2008
4 Argentina In force 03/07/1991 03/03/1993 Full text: fr
5 Armenia In force 04/11/1995 21/06/1997 Full text: fr
6 Azerbaijan In force 01/09/1998 24/08/2000 Full text: fr
7 Bahrain In force 24/02/2004 03/10/2005 Full text: fr
8 Bangladesh In force 10/09/1985 09/10/1986 Full text: fr
9 Belarus Signed (not in force) 28/10/1993 Full text: ru
10 Bolivia, Plurinational State of Terminated 25/10/1989 12/10/1996 Full text: fr
11 Bosnia and Herzegovina In force 12/12/2003 07/12/2007 Full text: fr
12 Brazil Signed (not in force) 21/03/1995 Full text: pt
13 Bulgaria In force 05/04/1989 01/05/1990 Full text: fr
14 Cambodia In force 13/07/2000 24/07/2002 Full text: fr
15 Chile In force 14/07/1992 24/07/1994 Full text: es | fr
16 China Terminated 30/05/1984 19/03/1985 Full text: fr
17 China In force 26/11/2007 20/08/2010 Full text: fr
18 Colombia Signed (not in force) 10/07/2014 Full text: es
19 Congo, Democratic Republic of the In force 05/10/1972 01/03/1975 Full text: fr
20 Costa Rica In force 08/03/1984 18/06/1999 Full text: es | fr
21 Croatia In force 03/06/1996 05/03/1998 Full text: fr
22 Cuba In force 25/04/1997 06/11/1999 Full text: fr
23 Czech Republic In force 13/09/1990 27/09/1991 Full text: fr
24 Djibouti In force 13/12/2007 15/06/2010 Full text: fr | fr
25 Dominican Republic In force 14/01/1999 23/01/2003 Full text: fr
26 Ecuador Terminated 07/09/1994 10/06/1996 Full text: fr
27 Egypt In force 22/12/1974 01/10/1975 Full text: fr
28 El Salvador In force 20/09/1978 12/12/1992 Full text: fr
29 Equatorial Guinea In force 03/03/1982 23/09/1983 Full text: fr
30 Estonia In force 14/05/1992 25/09/1995 Full text: fr
31 Ethiopia In force 25/06/2003 07/08/2004 Full text: en | fr
32 Georgia In force 03/02/1997 13/04/2000 Full text: fr
33 Ghana Signed (not in force) 26/03/1999
34 Guatemala In force 27/05/1998 28/10/2001 Full text: fr
35 Guinea Signed (not in force) 10/07/2007
36 Haiti In force 23/05/1984 25/03/1985 Full text: fr
37 Honduras In force 28/04/1998 08/03/2001 Full text: fr
38 Hong Kong, China SAR In force 30/11/1995 30/05/1997 Full text: fr
39 Hungary In force 06/11/1986 30/09/1987 Full text: fr
40 India In force 02/09/1997 17/05/2000 Full text: fr
41 Indonesia Terminated 14/06/1973 29/04/1975 Full text: fr
42 Iran, Islamic Republic of In force 12/05/2003 12/11/2004 Full text: fr
43 Iraq Signed (not in force) 31/10/2010
44 Israel In force 09/06/1983 11/01/1985 Full text: fr
45 Jamaica In force 25/01/1993 15/09/1994 Full text: fr
46 Jordan In force 23/02/1978 18/10/1979 Full text: fr | it
47 Kazakhstan In force 03/02/1998 21/08/2000 Full text: fr
48 Kenya In force 04/12/2007 26/05/2009 Full text: fr
49 Korea, Republic of In force 28/12/1977 01/02/1979 Full text: fr
50 Kuwait In force 27/09/1989 16/05/1991 Full text: fr
51 Kyrgyzstan In force 02/06/1994 10/08/1997 Full text: fr
52 Lao People's Democratic Republic In force 12/12/1989 08/03/1991 Full text: fr
53 Latvia In force 15/05/1992 01/10/1994 Full text: fr
54 Lebanon In force 28/11/1996 29/10/1999 Full text: fr
55 Liberia In force 23/03/1979 22/01/1982 Full text: fr
56 Libya In force 19/04/2004 29/01/2006 Full text: fr | fr
57 Lithuania In force 23/04/1992 27/03/1995 Full text: fr
58 Macedonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of In force 28/01/1998 31/03/2000 Full text: fr
59 Madagascar In force 25/07/2003 17/04/2005 Full text: fr
60 Malaysia In force 24/04/1975 01/08/1976 Full text: fr
61 Malta In force 11/08/1976 01/01/1978 Full text: en | fr
62 Mauritius Signed (not in force) 08/03/2010
63 Mauritius In force 22/03/1973 01/03/1974 Full text: fr
64 Mexico In force 12/11/1998 12/10/2000 Full text: en | fr | es
65 Moldova, Republic of In force 08/09/1997 03/11/1999 Full text: fr
66 Mongolia In force 08/11/1991 22/12/1993 Full text: fr | mn
67 Montenegro In force 28/03/1974 03/03/1975 Full text: fr | sr
68 Morocco Terminated 15/07/1975 13/12/1976 Full text: fr
69 Morocco In force 13/01/1996 30/05/1999 Full text: fr
70 Mozambique In force 15/11/2002 06/07/2006 Full text: fr | fr
71 Namibia In force 25/06/1998 26/02/2006 Full text: fr
72 Nepal In force 02/05/1983 13/06/1985 Full text: fr
73 Nicaragua In force 13/02/1998 31/03/2000 Full text: fr
74 Nigeria In force 27/02/1990 19/08/1991 Full text: fr
75 Oman In force 17/10/1994 04/07/1996 Full text: fr | ar
76 Pakistan In force 01/06/1983 14/12/1984 Full text: fr
77 Panama In force 05/11/1982 09/10/1985 Full text: fr
78 Paraguay In force 30/11/1978 11/12/1980 Full text: fr
79 Peru In force 06/10/1993 30/05/1996 Full text: fr | es
80 Philippines Terminated 14/06/1976 01/07/1976 Full text: fr
81 Philippines In force 13/09/1994 13/06/1996 Full text: fr
82 Poland In force 14/02/1989 10/02/1990 Full text: fr
83 Qatar In force 08/07/1996 27/07/2000 Full text: fr
84 Romania In force 21/03/1995 20/06/1996 Full text: fr
85 Romania Terminated 16/12/1976 01/08/1978 Full text: fr
86 Russian Federation In force 04/07/1989 18/07/1991 Full text: fr | ru
87 Saudi Arabia In force 26/06/2002 18/03/2004 Full text: fr
88 Senegal In force 26/07/2007 30/05/2010 Full text: fr
89 Serbia In force 28/03/1974 03/03/1975 Full text: fr
90 Seychelles In force 29/03/2007 28/12/2014 Full text: fr
91 Singapore In force 08/09/1975 18/10/1976 Full text: fr
92 Slovakia In force 13/09/1990 27/09/1991 Full text: fr
93 Slovenia In force 11/02/1998 05/08/2000 Full text: fr
94 South Africa Terminated 11/10/1995 22/06/1997 Full text: fr
95 Sri Lanka In force 10/04/1980 19/04/1982 Full text: fr
96 Sudan In force 31/07/1978 05/07/1980 Full text: fr
97 Syrian Arab Republic In force 28/11/1977 01/03/1979 Full text: fr
98 Syrian Arab Republic Signed (not in force) 12/05/2009
99 Tajikistan In force 04/12/2002 24/08/2004 Full text: fr
100 Trinidad and Tobago In force 28/10/1993 16/05/1996 Full text: en | fr
101 Tunisia Terminated 30/06/1972 30/06/1972 Full text: fr
102 Tunisia Terminated 09/08/1963 08/09/1963 Full text: fr
103 Tunisia In force 20/10/1997 10/09/1999 Full text: fr
104 Turkey In force 15/06/2006 03/08/2009 Full text: fr | fr
105 Turkmenistan In force 28/04/1994 02/05/1996 Full text: fr
106 Uganda In force 03/01/2003 20/12/2004 Full text: en | fr
107 Ukraine In force 03/05/1994 26/01/1996 Full text: fr
108 United Arab Emirates In force 09/09/1991 10/01/1995 Full text: fr
109 Uruguay In force 14/10/1993 09/07/1997 Full text: es | fr
110 Uzbekistan In force 27/10/1993 15/06/1996 Full text: fr
111 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of In force 02/07/2001 30/04/2004 Full text: fr
112 Viet Nam In force 26/05/1992 10/08/1994 Full text: fr
113 Yemen In force 27/04/1984 19/07/1991 Full text: fr
114 Zambia In force 14/08/2002 03/03/2014 Full text: fr | fr
115 Zimbabwe Signed (not in force) 04/05/2001 Full text: fr