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Ethyl v. Canada Ethyl Corporation v. The Government of Canada
Applicable IIA
Nationality of the parties
United States of America
Summary of matters at issue
Sole shareholder of company acting as the only importer and distributer of MMT (fuel additive) across Canada.
Claims arising out of a Canadian statute banning imports of the gasoline additive MMT for use in unleaded gasoline.
Economic sector and subsector
Secondary: C - Manufacturing
Tertiary: G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
20 - Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
46 - Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Arbitral rules and administering institution
None (no administering institution)
Composition of tribunal
Böckstiegel, K.-H.
Brower, C. N.
Lalonde, M.
Status/Outcome of original proceedings
Amount of compensation
251.00 mln USD
13.00 mln USD
IIA breaches alleged/found
Indirect expropriation

National treatment

Performance requirements
Not applicable - settled or discontinued before decision on liability
Follow-on proceedings
Link to Italaw's case page