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International Investment Agreements Navigator



UNCTAD's Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IIAs) actively assists policymakers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders to reform IIAs with a view to making them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth.

Main goals:

  • Reform the international investment agreements (IIAs) regime to enhance its sustainable development dimension,
  • Provide comprehensive analysis on key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime,
  • Develop a wide range of tools to support the formulation of more balanced international investment policies.

The three pillars of activities:

  1. Research and policy analysis - monitoring trends, identifying key emerging issues and providing cutting-edge knowledge on IIAs from a sustainable development perspective,
  2. Technical assistance - delivering trainings, seminars and workshops; conducting IIA and model BIT reviews; offering ad-hoc advice to strengthen the capacity of beneficiaries in handling the complexities of the IIA regime,
  3. Intergovernmental consensus-building - exchanging and sharing best practices and experience with the view to fostering global investment governance.

The database of international investment agreements (IIAs) - the IIA Navigator - is maintained by UNCTAD’s IIA Section. You can browse through IIAs concluded by a particular country or country grouping, view recently concluded IIAs, or use an Advanced Treaty Search for sophisticated searches tailored to your needs.

For further information, please contact us.


1) The IIA Navigator is continuously adjusted as a result of verification with, and comments from, UN Member States. It is primarily built on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A treaty is included in a country's IIA count once it is formally concluded; treaties whose negotiations have been concluded, but which have not been signed, are not counted. A treaty is excluded from the IIA count once its termination becomes effective, regardless of whether it continues to have legal effect for certain investments during its “survival” (“sunset”) period. In cases of treaty replacements, only one of the treaties between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty can be the “old” one, if this one remains in force pending the ratification of the newly concluded IIA.

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of its content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in these data. The information and texts included in the database serve a purely informative purpose and have no official or legal status. In the event of doubt regarding the content of the database, it is suggested that you contact the relevant government department of the State(s) concerned. Users are kindly asked to report agreements, errors or omissions by using the online contact form.

2) The IIA Mapping Project is a collaborative initiative between UNCTAD and universities worldwide to map the content of IIAs. Individual treaties are mapped by law students from participating universities, under the supervision of their professors and with the overall guidance and coordination of UNCTAD.

The mapping results included in the IIA Mapping Project database serve a purely informative purpose. The mapping of treaty provisions is not exhaustive, has no official or legal status, does not affect the rights and obligations of the contracting parties and is not intended to provide any authoritative or official legal interpretation.

While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for eventual errors or omissions in the mapping data. In the event of doubt regarding the correctness of mapping results, users are kindly asked to contact us via the the online contact form.

3) The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.


International investment agreements (IIAs) are divided into two types:
(1) bilateral investment treaties and (2) treaties with investment provisions.

A bilateral investment treaty (BIT) is an agreement between two countries regarding promotion and protection of investments made by investors from respective countries in each other’s territory. The great majority of IIAs are BITs.

The category of treaties with investment provisions (TIPs) brings together various types of investment treaties that are not BITs. Three main types of TIPs can be distinguished:

  1. broad economic treaties that include obligations commonly found in BITs (e.g. a free trade agreement with an investment chapter);
  2. treaties with limited investment-related provisions (e.g. only those concerning establishment of investments or free transfer of investment-related funds); and
  3. treaties that only contain “framework” clauses such as the ones on cooperation in the area of investment and/or for a mandate for future negotiations on investment issues.

In addition to IIAs, there also exists an open-ended category of investment-related instruments (IRIs). It encompasses various binding and not-binding instruments and includes, for example, model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations, and others.

Search tips

  • Global search. To do a global search, leave both boxes empty, or drag "World" in Party Input box 1.
  • “Details” boxes. The “Details” boxes list countries constituting the selected grouping, category or region. Unwanted countries can be removed from the list.
  • Country groupings – two options. By default, a Country grouping (e.g. ASEAN or the EU) is viewed as a single entity, and the system will search for treaties concluded by the relevant grouping or all of its members. Secondly, a Country grouping can also be viewed as a list of individual countries that are members of this grouping, and the system will search for agreements concluded by these individual countries. To switch between these two options, click on the icon to the left of the grouping’s name.
  • “Intra” and “Extra”. If you place a certain Country category, Region or Country grouping (as a list of individual countries) in Party Input box 1 (without placing anything in Party Input box 2), you can check "Intra" to search for treaties within the group (by members of the group between each other), or "Extra" to search for treaties by group members with non-members (if you don't select "Intra" or "Extra", the system will search for both).
Number of IIAs per economy
1 201


No. Short title Parties Date of
Date of
entry into force
1 EU - Singapore Investment Protection Agreement (2018) Singapore 15/10/2018 Full text: en
2 EU - Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (2018) Japan 17/07/2018 01/02/2019 Full text: en
3 Armenia - EU CEPA (2017) Armenia 24/11/2017 Full text: en
4 Canada - EU CETA (2016) Canada 30/10/2016 Full text: en
Investment ch.: en
5 EU - SADC EPA Group Agreement (2016) Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa 10/06/2016 Full text: en
6 EU - Kazakhstan EPCA (2015) Kazakhstan 21/12/2015 Full text: en
7 EU - Georgia Association Agreement (2014) Georgia 27/06/2014 01/07/2016 Full text: en
8 EU - Moldova Association Agreement (2014) Moldova, Republic of 27/06/2014 01/07/2016 Full text: en
9 EU - Ukraine Association Agreement (2014) Ukraine 27/06/2014 01/01/2016 Full text: en
10 CACM - EU Association Agreement (2012) CACM (Central American Common Market) 29/06/2012 01/10/2013 Full text: en
11 EU - Viet Nam Framework PCA (2012) Viet Nam 27/06/2012 Full text: vi | en
12 Colombia - Ecuador - EU - Peru Trade Agreement (2012) Colombia, Ecuador, Peru 26/06/2012 01/06/2013 Full text: en
13 EU-Iraq Cooperation Agreement Iraq 11/05/2012 Full text: en
14 EU-Korea FTA Korea, Republic of 06/10/2010 01/07/2011 Full text: en
15 EU-Korea Framework Agreement Korea, Republic of 10/05/2010 Full text: en
16 Eastern and Southern Africa States - EU Interim EPA (2009) Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Zimbabwe 29/08/2009 Full text: en
17 EU - SADC Interim Agreement (2009) Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mozambique 22/01/2009 Full text: en
18 EU - Cameroon EPA Cameroon 15/01/2009 Full text: en
19 Cote d'Ivoire-EC EPA Côte d'Ivoire 26/11/2008 Full text: en
20 CARIFORUM - EC EPA (2008) CARICOM (Caribbean Community), Dominican Republic 15/10/2008 01/01/2009 Full text: en | es
21 Bosnia-EC Stabilization Agreement Bosnia and Herzegovina 16/06/2008 Full text: en
22 EC-Serbia Association Agreement Serbia 29/04/2008 09/2013 Full text: en
23 EU-Montenegro Association Agreement Montenegro 15/10/2007 01/05/2010 Full text: en
24 Albania-EC Association Agreement Albania 12/06/2006 01/04/2009 Full text: en
25 EC-Tajikistan Partnership Agreement Tajikistan 11/10/2004 01/01/2010 Full text: en
26 ANDEAN-EC Cooperation Agreement ANCOM (Andean Community) 15/12/2003 Full text: en
27 Chile-EC Association Agreement Chile 18/11/2002 01/02/2003 Full text: en
28 EC - Lebanon Association Agreement (2002) Lebanon 17/06/2002 01/04/2006 Full text: en
29 Algeria-EC Association Agreement Algeria 22/04/2002 01/09/2005 Full text: en
30 EC-OCT Association OCT (Overseas Countries and Territories) 27/11/2001 02/12/2001 Full text: en
31 EC-Pakistan Cooperation Agreement Pakistan 24/11/2001 01/09/2004 Full text: en
32 EC-Egypt Association Agreement Egypt 25/06/2001 01/06/2004 Full text: en
33 EC-Macedonia Association Agreement North Macedonia 09/04/2001 01/04/2004 Full text: en
34 Mexico-EC Cooperation Agreement Mexico 27/02/2001 01/03/2001 Full text: en
35 Cotonou Agreement (2000) ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States) 23/06/2000 01/04/2003 Full text: en
36 Bangladesh-EC Cooperation Agreement Bangladesh 22/05/2000 01/03/2001 Full text: en
37 EC-Turkmenistan Interim Trade Agreement Turkmenistan 10/11/1999 01/08/2010 Full text: en
38 EC-South Africa Cooperation Agreement South Africa 11/10/1999 01/05/2004 Full text: en
39 EU - Turkmenistan PCA (1998) Turkmenistan 25/05/1998 Full text: en
40 EC-Yemen Cooperation Agreement Yemen 25/11/1997 02/07/1998 Full text: en
41 EC-Jordan Association Agreement Jordan 24/11/1997 01/05/2002 Full text: en
42 Cambodia-EC Cooperation Agreement Cambodia 29/04/1997 01/11/1999 Full text: en
43 EC-Lao Cooperation Agreement Lao People's Democratic Republic 29/04/1997 01/12/1997 Full text: en
44 EC-Palestine Association Agreement State of Palestine 17/02/1997 01/07/1997 Full text: en
45 EC-Korea Cooperation Agreement Korea, Republic of 28/10/1996 01/04/2001 Full text: en
46 EC-Uzbekistan Cooperation Agreement Uzbekistan 21/06/1996 01/07/1999 Full text: en
47 Armenia-EC Cooperation Agreement Armenia 22/04/1996 01/07/1999 Full text: en
48 Azerbaijan-EC Cooperation Agreement Azerbaijan 22/04/1996 01/07/1999 Full text: en
49 EC-Georgia Cooperation Agreement Georgia 22/04/1996 01/07/1999 Full text: en
50 EC-Morocco Association Agreement Morocco 26/02/1996 01/03/2000 Full text: en
51 Ankara Agreement Turkey 22/12/1995 31/12/1995 Full text: en
52 EC-Mercosur Cooperation Agreement MERCOSUR (Mercado Común Sudamericano) 15/12/1995 01/07/1999 Full text: en
53 EC-Israel Association Agreement Israel 20/11/1995 01/06/2000 Full text: en
54 EC-Nepal Cooperation Agreement Nepal 20/11/1995 01/06/1996 Full text: en
55 EC-Vietnam Cooperation Agreement Viet Nam 17/07/1995 01/06/1998 Full text: en
56 EC-Tunisia Association Agreement Tunisia 17/07/1995 01/03/1998 Full text: en
57 Belarus-EC Cooperation Agreement Belarus 06/03/1995 Full text: en
58 EC-Kyrgyzstan Cooperation Agreement Kyrgyzstan 09/02/1995 01/07/1999 Full text: en
59 EC-Kazakhstan Cooperation Agreement Kazakhstan 23/01/1995 01/07/1999 Full text: en
60 The Energy Charter Treaty (1994) 17/12/1994 16/04/1998 Full text: en
Investment ch.: en
61 EC-Moldova PCA Moldova, Republic of 28/11/1994 01/07/1998 Full text: en
62 EC-Sri Lanka Cooperation Agreement Sri Lanka 18/07/1994 01/04/1995 Full text: en
63 EC-Russia PCA Russian Federation 24/06/1994 01/12/1997 Full text: en
64 EC-Ukraine Cooperation Agreement Ukraine 14/06/1994 01/03/1998 Full text: en
65 EC-India Cooperation Agreement India 20/12/1993 01/08/1994 Full text: en
66 Brazil-EC Cooperation Agreement Brazil 29/06/1992 01/11/1995 Full text: en
67 EEC-Mongolia Trade Cooperation Agreement Mongolia 16/06/1992 01/03/1993 Full text: en
68 EC-Macao Trade Agreement Macao, China SAR 15/06/1992 01/01/1993 Full text: en
69 EC-EFTA EFTA (European Free Trade Association) 02/05/1992 01/01/1994 Full text: en
70 EC-Paraguay Cooperation Agreement Paraguay 03/02/1992 01/11/1992 Full text: en
71 EC-Uruguay Cooperation Agreement Uruguay 04/11/1991 01/01/1994 Full text: en
72 EC-GCC Cooperation Agreement GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) 15/06/1988 01/01/1990 Full text: en
73 China-EC Trade and Cooperation Agreement China 21/05/1985 22/09/1985 Full text: en
74 ASEAN-EU Cooperation Agreement ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) 07/03/1980 01/10/1980 Full text: en
75 EU Treaty 25/03/1957 01/01/1958 Full text: en
76 EU-Thailand FTA Thailand
77 EU-Viet Nam FTA Viet Nam
Investment ch.: en