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Hub News Article Jun 06, 2017

IIA Issues Note on Phase 2 of IIA Reform Released

Geneva, 6 June 2017 – UNCTAD’s latest IIA Issues Note sets out and discusses the pros and cons of 10 policy options for reforming existing old-generation IIAs.


  • IIA reform has made significant progress, with most new treaties following UNCTAD’s Road Map for IIA Reform (phase 1 of IIA reform). However, much work remains to be done to modernize the existing stock of old-generation IIAs (phase 2 of IIA reform).
  • Several arguments speak for embarking on phase 2 of IIA reform. Old treaties abound: more than 2,500 IIAs in force today were concluded before 2010 (95 per cent of all treaties in force); old treaties “bite”: as of end-2016, most known investor-State dispute settlement cases were based on those treaties; and old treaties perpetuate inconsistencies: their continued existence creates overlaps and fragmentation in treaty relationships and poses interaction challenges (particularly with newer treaties).
  • Countries have numerous options for modernizing their stock of old-generation treaties. Determining which reform option is “right” for a country in a particular situation requires a careful and facts-based cost-benefit analysis, while addressing a number of broader challenges.
  • This IIA Issues Note, a prelude to the World Investment Report 2017 (to be launched on 7 June 2017), presents 10 options to reform old-generation treaties that countries can adapt and adopt in line with their specific reform objectives.